×

Use Of HPE And Hearing Function Disorder Of Ground Handling Workers At Kualanamu Airport

Safrina Ramadhani
This article has been read 150 times.
This PDF has been read 287 times.

Abstract

Using of hearing protection equipment (HPE) as a preventive measure to prevent the hearing disorder so that it will not be worse. Many ground handling workers of Kualanamu International Airport are not wearing HPE while working at workplaces with niose intensities > 85 dB. This study aims to find out the use of HPE on workers’ hearing disorder. The study used quantitative method with cross sectional design. The population of this study amounted to 128 people. The samples taken in this study amounted to 55 people by using simple random sampling technique. Samples were 20-40 years old and had no history of ear disease. The use of HPE data were gathered with questionnaires and hearing function disorder with Audiometry. Data analyzed by using bivariate analysis with Chi-Square test (α=0.05). The result of the research showed that 21 respondents (38.2%) did not use HPE and and 36 respondents (65.5%) had hearing disorder. The result of bivariate analysis showed that there is a significant correlation between HPE usage with hearing disorder (p=0.001; OR=11.600; 95% CI=3.121-43.120). The conclusion of this study is that hearing protective equipment is a factor affecting hearing disorder, so it is advisable to ground handling workers to always wear earplugs while working in areas with noise above TLV.

Full Text:

PDF

References

WHO. Deafness and Hearing Loss [internet]. 2017 [cited 26 September 2017]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs300/en/

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset Kesehatan Dasar: Riskesdas 2013. Jakarta; 2013 p. 245.

Kementrian Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Republik Indonesia. Alat Pelindung Diri 2010.

Manalu SEM. Pengaruh Intensitas Kebisi-ngan dan Karakteristik Pekerja Terhadap Tekanan Darah Petugas Gound Handling di Apron Banda Udara Internasional Kualanamu Tahun 2014. Medan: Universitas Suma-tera Utara; 2014.

Notoadmdjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.

Yurensa R. Hubungan antara Paparan Bising dan Lipid Profile serta Terjadinya Gangguan Pendengaran pada Pekerja Pabrik Minyak Goreng. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2015.

Rinawati S, Utari S, Sumardiyono. Perbedaan Gangguan Pendengaran Pekerja Terpapar Bising Industri di Surakarta antara Pekerja Memakai Alat Pelindung Telinga dan Pekerja Tidak Memakai Alat Pelindung Telinga. Semi-nar Nasional Hasil Penelitian dan Pengab-dian LPPM Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. 2015.

Yadnya IWP. Tingkat Kebisingan dan Tajam Dengar Petugas Ground Handling di Bandara Ngurah Rai Bali. Bali: Universitas Udayana; 2008.

Majid SA, Warpani EPD. Ground Handling, Manajemen Pelayanan Darat Perusahaan Penerbangan. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada; 2014.

Wikipedia. Pelataran pesawat [Internet]. 2016. Available from: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelataran_pesawat.

Kementerian Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Republik Indonesia. Nilai Ambang Batas Faktor Fisika dan Faktor Kimia di Tempat Kerja 2011.

Anizar. Teknik Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja di Industri. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2009.

Moelijosoedarmo S. Higiene Industri. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI; 2008.

Suma’mur PK. Higiene Perusahaan dan Kesehatan Kerja (Hiperkes). Jakarta: Sagung Seto; 2014.

Tambunan STB. Kebisingan di Tempat Kerja (Occupational Health). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi; 2005.