Azrimaidaliza Azrimaidaliza, Welly Famelia, Nadia Chalida Nur
This article has been read 109 times.
This PDF has been read 34 times.


The prevalence of eating disorder among adolescents tend to increase worldwide, including in Indonesia. Some factors, such as mass media, peer influences, and body image, were associated with eating disorders. The study aims to determine the association of peer influences with eating disorders among adolescents. This study used a cross-sectional design that utilized a simple random sampling technique among senior high school students in Padang city. Data were collected through self-administration, and online questionnaires were given to 250 participants. The study found that 24.4% of adolescents risk eating disorders. Peer influences associated with eating disorders among adolescents (p-value < 0.05). Adolescents with peer influences had a risk of 2.519 times being eating disorders compared with no peer influences. Mass media, internet access, and body image had no association with eating disorders among adolescents. The current findings suggest that health care professionals should corporate with school institutions on health education to prevent eating disorders among adolescents.

Full Text:




Keshaviah A, Edkins K, Hastings ER, Krishna M, Franko DL, Herzog DB, et al. Re-examining premature mortality in anorexia nervosa: a meta-analysis redux. Compr Psychiatry. 2014;55:1773-84.

Winkler LA. Funen anorexia nervosa study – a follow-up study on the outcome, mortality, quality of life, and body composition. Dan Med J. 2017;64:B5380.

Wu Xiu Yun et al. The association between disordered eating and health-related quality of life among children and adolescents: A Systematic Review of Population-based Studies. Plus One. 2019.

Azrimaidaliza, Helmizar, Yolanda F. Meta-Analysis Study of Factors Relates Eating Disorders on Adolescents. Jurnal Aisyah: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. 2021;6(1).

H. E, Salafia B, Jones ME, Haugen EC, Schaefer MK. Perceptions of the causes of eating disorders: a comparison of individuals with and without eating disorders. Journal of Eating Disorders. 2015;3(32).

Batista M, Antić LŽ, Žaja O, Jakovina T, Begovac I. Predictors of Eating Disorder Risk in Anorexia Nervosa Adolescents. Acta Clin Croat. 2018;57(3):399 - 410.

Sutrio. Hubungan Asupan Energi, Pengetahuan Gizi dan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Status Gizi Siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas Global Madani Kota Bandar Lampung Tahun 2016. Jurnal Kesehatan Holistik. 2016;11(1).

Marcos YQ, Sebastián MJQ, Aubalat LP, Alsina JB, Treasure J. Peer and Family Influence in Eating Disorders: A Meta-analysis. European Psychiatry Journal. 2012;28(4).

Al-they NA, Gharaibeh T, Kheirallah K. Relationship between Peer Pressure and Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescents in Jordan. J Obes 2018.

Evans EH, Adamson AJ, Basterfield L, Couteur AL, Reilly JK, Reilly JJ, et al. Risk factors for eating disorder symptoms at 12 years of age: A 6-year longitudinal cohort study. Appetite.108:12-20.

Chung A et al. Adolescent Peer Influence on Eating Behaviors via Social Media: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2021;23(6).