×

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTOR OF CHILDHOOD ASTHMA AND ALLERGIC DISEASE FOR POPULATION LIVING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF CEMENT FACTORY EMISSION

Finny Fitry Yani, Dhyna Lidya Lestari, Husna Yetti, Rizanda Machmud
This article has been read 235 times.
This PDF has been read 137 times.

Abstract

Prevalence of asthma in children increase especially in the industrial city. Cement factory in Padang city is located near from community, cause air pollution, especially to children. We aim to know the prevalence and risk factor of asthma and allergic disease in this area. A cross sectional study to children age 0-15 years old has been done on May-June 2015, around the Cement factory, with distance from factory <5 km (exposed area) and >10 km (un-exposed area). We used International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire to determine asthma and allergic disease. Data was taken from the parent about asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis symptoms and some risk factors. Data was analyzed with chi-square test. This study found 90 children, 43 (47.8%) from exposed area. Asthma prevalence and atopic dermatitis was found higher in un-exposed area than exposed area (19.5% vs 13.9% and 39.1% vs 37.2%), allergic rhinitis was higher in exposed area (60.4% vs 58.6%), though no significance difference. This study concluded that there were no significant differences in asthma and allergies disease in exposed and un-exposed area of semen factory emissions.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Smyth RL. Asthma: A major pediatric health issue. Resper Res. 2012;3 suppl 1:S3-7.

Kartasasmita CB. Epidemiologi Asma Anak. Dalam : Rahajoe NN, Supriyatno B, Setyanto DB, penyunting . Pedoman Nasional Asma Anak ; Edisi kedua. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit IDAI. 2015 : 71-84

ISAAC Steering Committee. Worldwide variations in prevalence of asthma symptoms: the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Eur Respir J. 1998:12:315-35

Gennaro D, et al. Climate Change, air pollution and extreme events leading to increasing prevalence at allergic respiratory diseases. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine. 2013: 8:12

WHO. Ambient (outdoor) air quality and health. Diakses dari http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en/ pada tanggal 6 Oktober 2014.

Edwards P. Global cement emissions standards. Global Cement Magazine March 2014;25-33.

Sana MS, Bhat GA, et al. Health risk for population living in the neighborhood of a cement factory. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2013: Vol 7(12).pp. 1044-1052.

Asher MI, Weiland K. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 1998:Vol.28:5:52±66

Gasana, J., Dillikar, D., Mendy, A., Forno, E., & Ramos Vieira, E. (2012). Motor vehicle air pollution and asthma in children: A meta-analysis. Environmental Research, 117, 36–45.doi:10.1016/j.envres.2012.05.001.

Castro- Rodriguez JA, Forno E, Rodriguez-Martinez CE, Celeddon JC. Risk and protective factors for childhood asthma: what is the evidence? J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016 ; 4(6): 1111–1122. doi:10.1016/j.jaip.2016.05.003.

Siziya S. Associations of Cement Dust with Occurrence of Respiratory Conditions and Lung Function. East African Journal of Public Heath. 2005: 2 (1):1-5

Abron HL, Petersen MR, Sanderson WT, Engelberg AL, Harbe AP. Symptoms, ventilatory function and environmental exposures in Portland cement workers. British Journal Of Industrial Medicine. 1988; 45:368-375.

Al-Neaimi YI, Gomes J, Lioyd OL. Respiratory illnesses and ventilatory function among workers at a cement factory in rapidly developing country. Occup Med. 2001; 51(6): 367-373

Rahmani AH, Almatroudi A, Babiker AY, Khan AA, Alsahly MA. Effect of exposure to cement dust among the workers: an evaluation of health related complications. Open Acces Maced J med Scl. 2018; 6(6): 1159-1162.

Kakooei H, Gholami A, Ghasemkani M, Hosseini M, Panahi D, Pouryghoub G. Dust exposure and respiratory health effect in cement production. Acta Medica Iranica. 2012;50(2): 122-126.

Malveaux FJ, Fletcher-Vincent SA. Environmental risk factors of childhood asthma in urban centers. Environmental Health Perspective. 1996; 103 (6):59-62.

Thomsen SF. Epidemiology and natural history of atopic disease. Europian Clinical Respiratory Journal. 2015; 2: 24642

Fell AKM, Nordby KC. Association between exposure in the cement production industry and non-malignant respiratory effects: a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2017; 7: 1-12.

Kim KH, Shamin AJ, Ehsanul K. A review on human health perspective of air pollution with respect to allergies and asthma. Environmental International. 2013: 59:41-52

Guarnieri M, Balmes JR. Outdoor air pollution and asthma. HHS Public Access. 2014; 383(9928): 1581-1592.

Chilmonczyk BA, Salmun LM, Megathlin KN, Neveux LM, Palomaki GE, Knight GJ, et all. Association Between Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Exacerbations of Asthma in Children. N Eng J of Med. 1993 : 328 (23): 1665-1669