The Relationship of Flood Disaster With The Incidence Of Diarrhea, Water Quality And Community Resilience in Water Supply: A Case Study in The City of Bukittinggi

Putri Nilam Sari, Nofriya Nofriya
This article has been read 552 times.
This PDF has been read 336 times.


Bukittinggi is a city in West Sumatra that become potential area for flooding. It is followed by increasing of diarrhea diseases. This also affects water quality. Bukittinggi is having problems with the provision of adequate clean water in accordance with the target of Sustainable Development Goals. This study aims to determine the relationship of floods to the incidence of diarrhea, water quality and community resilience in providing clean water for everyday life. The method used through a quantitative approach with cross-sectional design and conducted in December 2017 until January 2018. The results show the relationship between floods with diarrhea occurrence, water difficulty, water quality (smelly water, dirty water and the presence of insects and worms), as well as community resilience to help each other in water supply and water source storage to avoid contamination. It is advisable for the government to increase its social capacity in the provision of clean water because the city of Bukittinggi is vulnerable to floods that would damage water sources.

Full Text:



WHO. Summary and policy implications Vision 2030 : the resilience of water supply and sanitation in the face of climate change. Jenewa: WHO Press; 2009.

USAID. Penilaian Kerentanan Sumberdaya Air Akibat Perubahan Iklim Dan Perencanaan Adaptasi. Jakarta: Kantor Lingkungan Hidup United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Indonesia; 2012.

Bapedalda Sumbar. Status Lingkungan Hidup Daerah Provinsi Sumatera Barat 2015. Padang: Bapedalda Provinsi Sumatera Barat; 2016.

Saputra AMJ. Analisis Ukuran Optimal Kota Bukittinggi Menggunakan Pendekatan Manfaat Bersih Maksimum. Program Studi Perencanaan Pembangunan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Andalas; 2016.

BPS Bukittinggi. Bukittinggi Dalam Angka 2017. Bukittinggi: BPS Bukittinggi; 2017.

KLH Bukittinggi. Kajian Kondisi dan Potensi Pemanfaatan Air Tanah Kota Bukittinggi. Bukittinggi: Kantor Lingkungan Hidup; 2014.

BPS. Potret Awal Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (Sustainable Development Goals) di Indonesia. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik; 2016.

Andri, Tyas WP. Potensi Kerjasama Antar Daerah Kabupaten Agam dengan Kota Bukittinggi dalam Penyediaan Air Baku. 2017;13(2):151–63.

Antarasumbar. Jonan Resmikan Sumur Bor Air di Bukittinggi [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Sep 21]. Available from: http://www.antarasumbar.com/berita/203874/jonan-resmikan-sumur-bor-air-di-bukittinggi.html

Wade TJ, Sandhu SK, Levy D, Lee S, LeChevallier MW, Katz L, et al. Did a Severe Flood in the Midwest Cause an Increase in the Incidence of Gastrointestinal Symptoms? Am J Epidemiol. 2004;159(4):398–405.

Sherrieb K, Norris FH, Galea S. Measuring Capacities for Community Resilience. Soc Indic Res. 2010;99(2):227–47.

Alessa L, Kliskey A, Lammers R, Arp C, White D, Hinzman L, et al. The arctic water resource vulnerability index: An integrated assessment tool for community resilience and vulnerability with respect to freshwater. Environ Manage. 2008;42(3):523–41.

Norris FH, Stevens SP, Pfefferbaum B, Wyche KF, Pfefferbaum RL. Community resilience as a metaphor, theory, set of capacities, and strategy for disaster readiness. Am J Community Psychol. 2008;41(1–2):127–50.

GAW Koto Tabang. Tren konsentrasi CO2 (ppm) tahun 2004-2017. http://gaw.kototabang.bmkg.go.id/. 2017.

Maraseni TN. Re-evaluating Land Use Choices to Incorporate Carbon Values: A Case Study in the South Burnett Region of Queensland. University of Southern Queensland; 2007.

M.N.Wright H, V.Cashman K, H.Gottesfeld E, J.Roberts J. Pore structure of volcanic clasts: Measurements of permeability and electrical conductivity. Earth Planet Sci Lett. 2009;280(1–4):93–104.

Nofriya. Evaluasi Kebijakan Pariwisata di Kota Bukittinggi untuk Mendukung Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Universitas Andalas; 2018.

Cherly PE. Identifikasi Banjir dan Rencana Desain Drainase Kota Bukittinggi. Universitas Andalas; 2017.

Kondo H, Seo N, Yasuda T. Post-flood-infectious diseases in mozambique. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2002;17:126–33.

Ngaosuwankul N, Thippornchai N, Yamashita A, Vargas REM, Tunyong W, Mahakunkijchareon Y, et al. Detection and characterization of enteric viruses in flood water from the 2011 Thai flood. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2013;66(5):398–403.

Phanuwan C, Takizawa S, Oguma K, Katayama H, Yunika A, Ohgaki S. Monitoring of human enteric viruses and coliform bacteria in waters after urban flood in Jakarta, Indonesia. Water Sci Technol. 2006;54(3):203–10.

Baig SA, Xu X, Khan R. Microbial water quality risks to public health: Potable water assessment for a flood-affected town in northern Pakistan. Rural Remote Health. 2012;12(3):1–6.

Gray N. Drinking water quality. Cambridge University Press; 2008.

Jalilov S-M, Masago Y, Nishikawa J, Bai X, Elmqvist T, Takeuchi K, et al. Enhancing Urban Water Resilience. Science-based Approaches and Strategies for Asian Megacities. Policy Br [Internet]. 2017;(9):1–5. 25. Gunderson LH. Ecological Resilience in Theory and Application. Ecol Syst. 2000;31:425–39.

Rose A. by allocating funds, other consequences that will occur if safe water is not available can be overcome by purchasing bottled water or purchasing water from private providers. In: Research Progress and Acomplishments 2003-2004. New York: University of Bufallo; 2004.

Adger WN, Hughes TP, Folke C, Carpenter SR, Rockstro J. Social-Ecological Resilience to Coastal Disasters. Science (80- ). 2005;309(1036).