×

Level of Knowledge of Menstruation in Supporting Elementary Students Preparation For Menarche

Ida Nurmawati, Feby Erawantini
This article has been read 992 times.
This PDF has been read 1070 times.

Abstract

Nowadays, the first menstrual period in adolescent occurs faster with a lack of their preparation for menarche. This condition make them respond negatively to the menarche by experiencing mixed emotions; fears, shocked, sad, disappointed, embarrassed, worried, and confused. The result of SDKI in 2012 suggested that adolescents need to be provided with sufficient information before their first menstruation. Thus, this research purposes to determine the relationship of knowledge level of elementary school adolescent girls about menstruation and their preparation for menarche. It is an observational study using cross sectional approach. The population of this research is 37 female students of the six graders in SDN Tegalgede 01 Jember Regency who also as the research sample taken by saturated sampling technique. The data is analyzed using Rank Spearman test. The bivariate analysis is done by applying crosstabulation that students with good preparation are found more on students with good knowledge (82,4%) than students with less knowledge (30%). There is a relationship between the students’ level of knowledge about menstruation and their preparation for menarche (p value = 0,026). Based on r = 0,367, there is a passive relationship between the level of knowledge with menarche.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Batubara, J. R. Adolescent Development (Perkembangan Remaja). Sari Pediatri, Vol. 12 No. 1(Juni 2010 2010).

Path Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja : Membangun Perubahan Yang Bermakna. OutLook, Vol 16(Januari 2000 2000).

Kemenkes Infodatin : Situasi Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja. Pusat Data dan Informasi, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 61 Tahun 2014 Tentang Kesehatan Reproduksi. Kementerian Hukum dan HAM RI, City, 2014.

Amaliah, N., Sari, K. and Rosha, B. C. Status Tinggi Badan Pendek Berisiko Terhadap Keterlambatan Usia Menarche Pada Perempuan Remaja Usia 10-15 Tahun (Stunting Increased Risk Of Delaying Menarche On Female Adolescent Aged 10-15 Years). Penel Gizi Makan, 35 (2) 2012), 150-158.

Balitbangkes. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Jakarta, 2010.

Fajri, A. and Khairani, M. Hubungan Antara Komunikasi Ibu-Anak Dengan Kesiapan Menghadapi Menstruasi Pertama (Menarche) Pada Siswi SMP Muhammadiyah Banda Aceh. Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 2010.

Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2012 : Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja. Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional, Badan Pusat Statistik, Kementerian Kesehatan, Measure DHS ICF Internasional, Jakarta, 2013.

Fitriani, S. Promosi Kesehatan. Graha Ilmu, Yogyakarta, 2011.

Yusuf, Y., Kundre, R. and Rompas, S. Hubungan Pengetahuan Menarche Dengan Kesiapan Remaja Putri Menghadapi Menarche di SMP Negeri 3 Tidore Kepulauan. Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Manado, 2014.

Notoatmodjo, S. Promosi Kesehatan Dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta. 2007

Notoatmodjo, S. Pendidikan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 2003.

Dewi, C. F. and Khusnal, E. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dengan Kesiapan Menghadapi Menstruasi Pada Siswi Kelas 5 di SD Muhammadiyah Wirobrajan 3 Yogyakarta. Universitas 'Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, 2017.

Yusuf, Y., Kundre, R., Rompas, S. Hubungan Pengetahuan Menarche dengan Keseiapan Remaja Putri Menghadapi Menarche di SMP Negeri 3 Tidore Kepulauan. Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado, Manado : 2014